Alpas includes a child theme to make the updates easier. If you are planning to do several CSS changes, it is highly recommendable to do these changes inside a Child Theme, so you will never lose these changes. The steps are pretty simple:
- Upload alpas.zip into wp-admin -> appearance.
- Activate Alpas.
- After activated, you must upload alpas-child.zip into wp-admin -> appearance.
- You can edit whatever CSS you want or PHP into functions.php.